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Supplemental Reading

For a
History of Fair Trade, click here for an article submitted by Bella at Enriching kids.


                        Least Toxic Options for Your Yard, Garden, & Pond
                          ; (508) 362-5927

Most products listed are available at local nurseries including Country Garden (Hyannis), Matt’s
Organic Gardens (Dennis Port), or through the named web sources.

Following label directions gives best results and saves $$$. However, no product can substitute for siting
plants in their appropriate environment, using disease-resistant strains where possible, and the creation
and maintenance of a healthy soil with proper pH, good drainage and ample organic matter.

1. Liquid Seaweed/Fish Emulsion- for starting and all-purpose feeding: Squanto’s Secret, Neptune’s
Harvest; Seacure and Seaplus from North Country Organics at Matt’s Organic Gardens

2. Rock phosphate (P) & Greensand (K) - for slowly available potassium and phosphorus with calcium &
trace minerals resulting in less leaching of these nutrients into water bodies; Matt’s

3. Slow release organic fertilizers -Organica, Barnyard’s Cock-A-Doodle-Doo, North Country Organics
Gro, Coast of Maine products, Maggie Pipkins Organic Fertilizers (

4. Safer’s Insecticidal Soap & Sharpshooter Insecticide- for aphids, scale, whitefly, earwigs, mealy bugs,
thrips and other insects (see label); also-Garlic Barrier insect repellent (Matt’s)

5. BT (aka Bacillus thuringiensis) & Spinosad- for caterpillar control (incl. Cabbage Moth & Winter Moth)

6. Grub Guard- beneficial nematodes for lawn grubs, cutworms, borers, maggots, flea larvae, flea beetles
and worms. (Timing of applications is most important!!! Follow directions.)

7. Corn Gluten- a non-toxic pre-emergent weed control for crabgrass, dandelions, etc- as found in
WeedBan; also included in Organica and Cock-A-Doodle-Doo fertilizers

8. BurnOut– vinegar/lemon juice-based non-selective herbicide of broadleaf weeds, grass

9. Neem Oil- insect spray for a number of insects including Japanese beetle, Mexican bean beetle,
cucumber beetles, leaf miners, weevils, whitefly, lily leaf beetle and others

10. Serenade Garden- for various bacterial and fungal diseases incl. mildews, tomato blights, black spot;
mix 1 tsp. baking soda to 1 qt. water plus a touch of cooking oil as a spray for mildew and black spot

11. Surround- a kaolin clay-based crop protectant for barrier control vs. fruit and vegetable pests (apple
maggots, codling moth, a variety of beetles, leafhoppers thrips)

12. Diatomaceous Earth- for leaf eating insects, flea beetles, grasshoppers; use in a band to deter slugs
and snails. (NOT the same as the DE used in pool filters)

13. Floating Row Cover- for earlier crop yields, frost protection, insect barrier and season extension

14. A Generous Pile of Finished Compost from a reliable source that doesn’t include biosolids, sludge or
pesticides- e.g. from Matt’s Organic Gardens, Coast of Maine, or make your own (easy!!)

15. An Even More Generous Pile of Mulch (e.g.salt marsh hay, seaweed, eelgrass, untreated bark, etc.)
deter weeds, hold in soil moisture and moderate soil temperatures. Know your source of supply.

16. Cover Crop Seeds for late summer/fall planting (e.g. clover, vetch, rye, buckwheat, oats, etc) for
rebuilding & conserving good soil structure and fertility; erosion control

17. Earthworm Castings and/or a Bucket of Earthworms for soil enrichment from Maggie Pipkins at the
Cape Cod Worm Farm (

18. Bird Feeders-for serious insect control; Bee Hives-for serious pollination!
             WEB RESOURCES for the Garden Club of Brewster provided by
                                              Sue Phelan of GreenCAPE   GreenCAPE (Cape Alliance for Pesticide Education) –a local resource on
pesticides and their health impacts, information on safer alternatives;     Definition of “Sustainability” -meeting the needs of
present without depleting resources or harming natural cycles for future generations. The principles of
sustainability integrate three closely interlinked elements—the environment, the economy, and the social
system. Equivalent to the Great Law of the Iroquois Nation: "In our every deliberation, we must consider
impact of our decisions on the next seven generations."   Elegant expose of our industrial food chain    Mass. Estuaries Project    Nutrient decline  Contaminant screening in Maine birds (released 3/11/08)    Bioaccumulation of toxins   CDC/National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental
Chemicals   Human Toxome Project on
industrial chemicals and pesticides in adults   Pesticides and premature births    Date of conception and future academic
achievement         Pollution in Newborns    Chemicals in human breast milk   Example of effects of pesticide exposure on child
development   Our companion animals reflect our chemical body burdens   
Pollinators in
peril and how you can help      Pesticides and the immune system         Pesticides and cancer     Routes of exposure to toxins incl. As    USGS publication on nutrients and pesticides in our water    National Tap Water Quality Database –find your town      Organic Gardening how-to (look for slide show)   Truly sustainable
growing follows organic principles. It is produced without conventional pesticides, synthetic fertilizers,
antibiotics, growth hormones, genetic engineering, or irradiation.  Distinction between chemical and
growing.          Compost is the SILVER BULLET
gardens and landscapes       Feeding your Soil Food Web is the key
the success of your garden     Cape Cod Organic Gardeners      NOFA/Mass (Northeast Organic Farming Assoc.
why organic food is safer for you; also,list of certified organic farmers/landscapers     Sources of organic non-GM seeds     GreenCAPE chart comparing organic
and chemical fertilizers    GreenCAPE’s short list of alternatives to pesticides. N.B.
legend at top of sheet.   Organic pest management options in more detail     Directory of products for organic production       Edible Cape Cod-local food resources and list of
Cape Farmer’s Markets. Not all local food is organic and sustainable.     List of organic farms in Mass. by county         Smart shopping guide for produce with fewer pesticide residues    Fair Trade designates a product or trading partnership which aims at
sustainable development for excluded and disadvantaged producers by ensuring that producers work in
safe conditions, are paid fair wages, and are mindful of the environment. Not to be confused with free
vegetables/when-to-buy-organic-organic-fruits-and-vegetables.htm        Conventionally grown fruit and
vegetables can contain the residues of as many as 51 different pesticides, while organic has two thirds
less. If you want to reduce your family’s exposures, pick up organic varieties of these most contaminated

The following list of fruits and vegetables are in descending order of the Organic Center’s dietary risk-
index scores, which incorporate the level of pesticides detected on domestic produce and the pesticides’
toxicity.(e.g.Cranberries and green beans have more (or more toxic) pesticide residues.)    Consumer
Reports Sept. 2008.

Cranberries       Green beans
Nectarines         Sweet bell peppers
Peaches            Celery
Strawberries      Cucumbers
Pears                 Potatoes
Apples               Tomatoes
Cherries             Peas
Cantaloupe        Lettuce

 IF every American ate 1 local and organic meal per week,
  1.1 million fewer barrels of oil would be consumed per week!